Fetching water at the river

Water kiosks to be rebuilt

Water reservoir is built

The first water from the borehole.

Drinking water and hygiene

Problem analysis

There is no clean drinking water available in Oloonkolin. Drinking water comes from the Mara River. Clothes are washed here, people come to bathe here, circumcision rituals are performed here, and wild animals live here, produce excrement and die here. Human excrement also finds its way into the river because of a lack of sanitation facilities.

This drinking water from the Mara River is not particularly healthy. It contains large volumes of bacteria, pathogens and parasites. This causes a range of health problems, from tooth decay to serious illnesses such as diphtheria, cholera and typhoid.

Secondly, this river is the natural habitat of wild animals such as crocodiles and hippos. These two species in particular claim many victims amongst water collectors. In the past year alone, seven children from the area have been killed. This is a terrible human tragedy and demographic drama for a small community like Oloonkolin.

Sanitation facilities

In Oloonkolin, 70% of residents have no toilet. People relieve themselves outdoors in places where children play, or in the bushes beside the river. When it rains, everything washes into the river where people collect their drinking water. That creates a risk of contagious diseases. Infection with the Salmonella Typhi bacterium in particular claims many victims in Oloonkolin.

The objective of WASH

  • The objective is to install enough water reservoirs so that Oloonkolin residents need to walk no more than a maximum of 30 minutes for clean drinking water. Around 20 litres per person per day needs to be available..
  • Improving access to sustainable sanitation facilities and sharing knowledge of hygiene with residents. This will prevent many illnesses and deaths.
  • Children are the future of Oloonkolin. The ambition is for each child to attend school and not to be absent unnecessarily due to illness, a lack of resources (sanitary), or household tasks.
  • Access to clean drinking water and sanitation for the residents of Oloonkolin. This will prevent illness and save valuable time and energy (of women and children), because there will be no need to walk long distances to fetch water.
  • The families of Oloonkolin need to spend less money on medicines and lose less time looking after sick family members.
  • Children (primarily girls) can attend school again, women have more time and can develop themselves (economically). Lives of people of Oloonkolin are saved because they no longer need to fetch water from the river teeming with wild animals.
  • Installation of water reservoirs at a reasonable distance from the residents of Oloonkolin so they need to walk no more than a maximum of 30 minutes for clean water. Sufficient water needs to be available; about 20 litres per person per day.
  • Installation of public Ecosan toilets and sewers at the school, hospital, and in the village itself, including the Community Centre;
  • Improving knowledge and bringing about behavioural change in respect of hygiene through advice and training.